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大棚无花果控制徒长的几点心得
作者:sccxj.com    发布日期:2019-2-18 9:32:32     浏览:    

   近几年陈宁去过全国很多无花果园,很多果园树体过旺,大棚内徒长尤为严重。大棚内温度、土壤湿度和空气湿度,相比于露天,都对无花果营养生长提供了有利的条件,但是大棚的优点是这些环境因素大都是可控的。下面陈宁为大家分享大棚无花果控制徒长的几点心得:

大棚无花果控制徒长的几点心得

  1、选择容易控制的品种

  SHUSHIZHONGYONG、SHIGUOBUWEIDIQIESHIHEZUOWEIXIANGUOXIAOSHOUHUOCAIZHAIYUANYONGDEWUHUAGUOPINZHONG,DAPENGZAIPEITUIJIANBOJIHONG、SITELA、BALAONEI、ZISEBOERDUODENG,ZHENGCHANGGUANLIJUNKEYIZUODAODI2-3JIEGUAGUO,JIEJIANDUAN。DANGRANRUGUONIXIANGTIAOZHANYIXIA,BIRUJINAOFEN、QINGPI,GENGGAONANDUYOUDEZILEI(RIZI)、XINJIANGZAOHUANG、PENGLAISHIDENG,HUOXUHUIFEILIHENDUO。

  2、选择容易控制的树形、合理密度

  MUQIANDAPENGWUHUAGUOZAIPEIZHULIUSHUXINGWEIYZIXINGHEYIZIXING。YZIXINGYIBANXINGJU2.5-3.0m*0.6-1.0m,MEIMUDINGZHI200-400KE,KEYIKUAISUHUODECHANLIANG,CHANSHENGXIAOYI,DUIYUTOURUCHENGBENJIAOGAODEWENSHIFEICHANGSHIYONG。YIZIXINGYIBANXINGJU2-2.2m*1.5m,MEIMUDINGZHI200-220KE。LIANGZHONGFANGSHIJUNXUYAOTIESIYINFU,SHUGUANJINCOU,ZHENGQIHUAYI,FANGBIANGUANLIHECAIZHAI。LIANGZHONGSHUXINGQUBIESHIYIZIXINGTONGGUOLAZHISHILIANGGENZHUZHIYANXINGXIANGSHUIPINGYANSHEN,GENGYOULIYUJUNHENGJIEGUOZHIZHANGSHI,JIANGDIJIEGUOBUWEI,YOUXIAOKONGZHITUZHANG。

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大棚无花果控制徒长的几点心得

  3、良好的通风透光

  ZIRANHUANJINGDUIWUHUAGUOSHUDESHENGZHANGYOUJIAODAYINGXIANG。RUZAIDUOYUDUOSHIDEDIDAI,WUHUAGUODEGUANGZHAOHETONGFENGTIAOJIANJIAOCHA,SHUSHIRONGYIPIANWANG,YINCIYAOSHIDANGKONGZHIWUHUAGUOSHUGUANDETIJI,BINGSHIDANGJIANSHAOLIUZHIDESHULIANG。SHENGZHANGQIXIUJIANZHUYAOSHIJISHICHUQUNIESHENGZHIHETUZHANGZHI,SHUCHUGUOMIZHI,BAOCHILIANGHAODETONGFENGTOUGUANGTIAOJIAN。BIXUZHUYIKONGZHIZAIPEIMIDUHEHELIXIUJIAN,XUANYONGTOUGUANGXINGHAODEPENGMO,BINGBAOCHIJIEJING,YIGAISHANGUANGZHAOTIAOJIAN,QUEBAOWUHUAGUOZHENGCHANGSHENGZHANGFAYU。HEBEICANGZHOUSONGLAOSHIJIWOMENDEJIANYISHIYOUTIAOJIANPENGMOJINLIANGYINIANYIHUAN,YINWEINIGENGHUANPENGMODAILAIDEGUANGZHAOGAISHAN,CONGERXIANGUOCHANLIANGPINZHIDETISHENGYUANBIJIXUSHIYONGJIUPENGMOJIESHENGNEIDIANFEIYONGHUASUANDEDUO。TONGFENGKOUYICHENNINGDEDAPENGWEILI,JIANYIDANDONGLENGPENGFENGKOUDAKAIDEGAODUBUDIYU2m,PENGGAOBUDIYU3.5m;RUGUOSHILIANDONGDAPENG(LENGPENG),CHUCEMIANFENGKOUDAKAIGAODUBUDIYU2m,YOUTIAOJIANJINLIANGKAISHANGFENGKOU,WOMEN8mKUADUDELIANDONGDAPENG,SHANGMIANLIANGCEDOUKEYIDAKAI1.5mKUANDESHANGFENGKOU;NUANPENGYINGKONGZHISHANGXIAFENGKOUQUANBUDAKAI,TIANZUIREDESHIHOUGAOYUHUANJINGWENDU2-4℃YINEI。

  4、控水控氮

  YANHUANSHENGZHANGDEZHUYAOSHOUDUANJIUSHIYAOKONGSHUIKONGDAN。WUHUAGUOYUANCHANBANSHAMODIQU,ZHIZHUGENXIFADA,XIBAOSHENTOUYAGAO,BIJIAORONGYICONGTURANGZHONGHUODESHUIFEN,YINERKANGHANXINGBIJIAOQIANG。PINGSHISHUIYAOSHAOJIAOYIXIE,TURANGBAOCHIJIANGANJIANSHI,HUOPIANGANWEIYI。SHUIFENGUODUO,JIANGHUIDAOZHITURANGZHONGKONGQIHANLIANGJIANSHAO,SHIGENXIDEHUOLIJIANGDI,SHUMIAOJIYITUZHANG。SHUIFENGUODUODEGUOYUANYINGGAOHAOPAISHUI,BIYAOSHIKEJINXINGLUGEN,SHENZHIDUANGEN。SHANDONGJIAXIANGDIQUMEINIANCHANGGUIJIAOSHUIYIBANZHIYOUSANCI,CHUNJISHAOYUFAYAQIJIAOYICI,XIAJIGAOWENGANHANPENGDAQIJIAOYICI,RUDONGXIUMIANQIQIANFENGDONGSHUIJIAOYICI。

  WEILEFANGZHIDAPENGZAIPEIDEWUHUAGUOTUZHANG,YAOKONGZHIDANFEIDEYONGLIANG。ZHUIFEIYILIUSUANJIAHUANSHIFUHEFEIHEYOUJIFEIWEIZHU,YANJINSHIYONGXIANGNIAOSUXIAOANLIUANTANANDENGDANYIDESUXIAODANFEI。CHULETUSHIFEIYIWAI,HAIYAOZHONGSHIYEMIANFEIDESHIYONG,CHANGYONGDEYEMIANFEIBUZHISHILINSUANERQINGJIA,HAIXUYAOPENGGAIYEMIANFEI。BUCHONGWUHUAGUOSUOXUWEILIANGYUANSU,CUJINYINGYANGXISHOUGENGJIAQUANMIAN,DIAOJIEYINGYANGSHENGZHANGHESHENGZHISHENGZHANGPINGHENG,CONGERKONGZHITUZHANG、WANGZHANG。

大棚无花果控制徒长的几点心得

  5、控制温度

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  6、修剪和化控

  TONGGUOXIUJIAN、DUOCIZHAIXIN、HUANGEDENGFANGSHIKONGZHITUZHANG,ZAI10MUYINEIJIATINGCHENGYUANGUANLIDEXIAOXINGWUHUAGUOYUAN,RENLICHONGZUDEQINGKUANGXIA,HAISHIFEICHANGSHIYONGDE。DANSHIXIANZAIWOMENGENGDUODESHIHOU,WUHUAGUOZHONGZHIFANGXIANGSHIGAOMIDU,ZAOTOUCHAN,ZAOSHOUYI。MUQIANGERENWUHUAGUOZHONGZHIMIANJIYERIYIZENGDA,JISHIMUZHISHIQIBU,JIBAIMUSHANGQIANMUDEYUANZIBIBIJIESHI。ERWEILAIZUIZHANWOMENZHONGZHICHENGBENDESHIRENLI,JINGXIHUADEGUOYUANGUANLISHIXUYAODALIANGGAOQIANGDULAODONGDE。DANMUQIANWOMENMIANLINZUICANKUYESHIZUIWUNAIDEWENTIJIUSHILAODONGLIDEDUANQUE,JISHURENYUANGENGSHIFENGMAOLINJIAO。DANGSHANGSHUSUOYOUCUOSHIJUNWUMINGXIANXIAOGUOHUOYINRENYUANDUANQUEGUANLIBUDAOWEISHI,HUOXUKONGZHITUZHANGZUIJIANDANQIEYOUXIAODEBANFAJIUSHIHUAKONGLE。

大棚无花果控制徒长的几点心得

  DUIMIZHIYUANDAYUANQUERYAN,TONGGUOPENSHIDUOXIAOZUO、PBODENGSHENGZHANGDIAOJIEJI,YIZHIZHITIAOTUZHANG,SHIGUOYUANGUANLIBIYAODESHOUDUANZHIYI,BUJINKEYIZENGCHANZENGSHOU,ERQIEYEKEYIJIEYUEDALIANGDELAODONGLI,QIZHONGZHICHENGBENYEHUIJIANGDIHENDUO。YEXUHENDUOQIANBEIHETONGXINGDUIHUAKONGSHIZHONGCHIFANDUIDETAIDU,TAMENGENGQUXIANGYUZIRANSHENGZHANGZIRANFAYU,JIEZIRANGUO,CHIFANGXINGUO,DANSHITAIDUODAXINGGUOYUANYAOJIEJUESHENGCUNWENTI,BUDEBUSHIYONG。

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